We are aware of the issues surrounding the deployment of the TeamViewer MSI package through Intune. At the moment, it is not supported due to the additional assignment tool .exe needed to complete the installation. Intune standalone only supports the deployment of .MSI packages to Win 10 devices enrolled via MDM. If you are trying to deploy through the full Intune agent then please let me know.
To support our customers and improve the user experience, TeamViewer will be releasing an improved method of deploying the MSI package. I do not have an ETA to share just yet.
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