Works fine for me on Server 2016 Standard.
Still does -NOT- work on Server 2008 Standard.
Still does -NOT- work on Server 2016 Essentials
So I had the same issue about Teamviewer Host not starting on one computer and I will say the steps I did to solve it so you can check if it helps to see a path to the real problem.
My Network doesn't have a domain, it has a LoadBalance managing IP's
I have 3 Dell and 1 Samsung, all notebooks and only 1 Dell had problems (the older one)
Teamviewer wouldn't start even after logon, if I double click the icon it would ask a security confirmation and work fine.
First I tried the "ServicesPipeTimeout" solution but it didn't help
Then I "enabled the interactive mode for the service" and it started to work fine. After reading this post I turned it off again. The interesting fact is that it keeps working fine, so for me the problem is around that base.
Now I have the Interactive mode turned off and Teamviewer Host 13 working fine.
May 12 2020....this is still an issue.
Seems to be still an issue in July 2020. Is there a solution?
Over two years later the problem still exists on various versions of Windows Server. Obviously they have no interest in fixing it.
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